Life on mars could be totally different from the life we live one earth. At present life is not possible on mars but may be in future mars atmosphere will become thicker than now and rise to a possibility of life. Many countries are trying to mars Colonization and Elon Musk the CEO of spaceX has lay down his life to settling the future on Mars.
The atmospheric conditions and weather of Mars
A major concern for living on mars is dealing with its the weather and atmospheric conditions. The atmosphere at mars is very thin, comparatively less than 1% of the Earth’s. Because of its much greater distance from the sun, or can say more distance than earth Mars is very cold, and its usual clear air makes the temperature fall greatly in the night.
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At present the average temperature on Mars is 81 degrees below 0 F, as compared to 57 degrees F on Earth. The average range of temperatures on red planet mars is −125 and 23 °F ( −87 and −5 °C )
For instance we can say this extremely harsh temperatures may not be much of a problem because the colonies may be well insulated in underground colonies and with the use of advanced insulation materials science fiction movies/programs have emphasized the strong winds on Mars.
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However, because the air is so thin, so the winds on mars has very little effect on the ground and may be that’s why its not so big concern to colonists.
However, there can be some changes near the ice caps on a few days there may be high wind speeds when the dry ice from the caps changes to a gas phase, but the first colonies are can not placed to be near the poles to be affected by these possible strong winds.
Near the southern pole during certain periods formed something called “spiders” formed when weak areas in the ice break , making vents that are 15 to 50 meters (yards) wide. This process releases gas from the vents at speeds of 90 mi/hour (150 km/hour) or may be more than that.
In the atmosphere of Mars scientist just found a trace of oxygen and a much smaller amount of nitrogen than present on the Earth (less than 2%). We will can obtain oxygen most probably by passing electricity through water to break it down into two molecules hydrogen and oxygen in a process called “electrolysis.” The hydrogen can then used for rocket fuel directly or can be converted to methane that can be more easily stored and more reliable fuel.
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This process requires a very large amount of energy, so solar power may have to be supplemented with other means of power production, such as nuclear. On the other hand, most of the oxygen that is used can be recycled by plants in greenhouse Water for the colonies can be obtained by mining the ice glaciers in various formations on the planet mars.
Robotic machines will carry this out this whole process so it makes it less time consuming. Greenhouses can be built underground with artificial lighting provided by LED’s. This will help to protect plants from radiation by growing them underground.Living in pure oxygen cam be too dangerous for human colonies because of its high risk of fire. Nitrogen can be used for concentration from the atmosphere to mix it with the colony’s artificial atmosphere.
On mars colony will leave in a world free of Pests
For Colonies on Mars their would be a golden opportunity to create a more perfect world if we can prevent the transport of various insect and pests from the Earth surface. Can you imagine a world without the mosquito or many of the insects that feast on our vegetables and fruits and plants and rots them! So we can say that there is going to be a insects free life on Mars.
It could be a great opportunity to food production if we would not have loss them because of mice, rats, bean beetles, cabbage worms, and other pests. Keeping colonies isolated from each other on the red planet mars may at least decrease the spread of pests and decrease the spread of many unwanted and harmful diseases this could give rise to a healthy colony.
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Live a better life without dust and dust storms
At present Mars has a cycle which is quite similar to the Earth’s, consequently it experiences four seasons like we experience on earth . However, the seasons at their on mars are not equal. They are also comparatively much longer because it takes Mars almost 2 years to orbit the sun and earth takes one year or. 365 days.
Also this can amaze you that planets orbit the sun, not in circles, but as ellipses. Most planets have orbits that are close to circles, like the Earth but not in case of red planet mars. Traveling in an ellipse means that the planet is sometimes closer to the sun and sometimes is far from the sun.
The Earth is close to the sun when it is winter in the northern hemisphere and summer in the southern hemisphere. Since the difference in distance from the sun in the winter and summer is slight (3%), this difference does not affect our climate but because of mars orbit it will effect their.
On the other hand there is a big difference in the distance to the sun for Mars during the winter and summer seasons (about 17%). Also, the time period of the summer and winter seasons is different. Infact planet moves faster when it is closer to the sun; and the when Mars is closest to the sun in the southern summer, it moves faster in its orbit. This leads to effect on solar energy as when Mars is closest to the Sun, solar energy is 45% stronger than when Mars is farthest from the Sun.
To understand how life could be dust storms free it is important to understand global dust storms as they can greatly reduce sunlight for solar panels. We can not be totally depend on solar power for Martian colonies because sometimes dust storms may last months. In addition, because of the high levels of atmospheric dust, there should be some way to clean the solar panels which provides us solar energy.
Dust may further create problems if it works its way into machinery. But the interesting thing is the dust particles in the atmosphere of Mars are very small, about like the particles in talcum powder or cigarette smoke with the average of 3 micrometers in total diameter.
Enjoy a radiation free life on Mars
Another major reason for living on Mars will be that it minimize exposure to radiation. Although scientist says that Mars may have possessed a magnetic field in the distant past, but today there is no major magnetic field that could protect colonists from deadly cosmic rays.
Living underground would probably give some protection to the colonies from these particles arriving from great distances and cause harm to them Scientist also try to do some work with building some sort of force field to divert charged particle radiation such a field may be produced with a thin screen which allow electricity to pass through it
These radiations can be very dangerous because they move at a very high speed and some are composed of the nuclei of heavier elements. To understand this go back to the college chemistry class where we had to calculate the energy of a typical heavy particle of cosmic rays—it came out to be about the same as being hit by a baseball. If a solar flare were found to be heading towards Mars, colonists would have to stay in their underground quarters this will protect them from effects .
By the time when Mars Colonization will happen in the future, there will be telescopes/spectroscopes in orbit with very high resolution. Today, HiRISE can see objects under less than a meter across. In a hundred years, we may be about to see things just a few centimeters across with the developing technology. But Still before colonization on Mars we will need to gather samples or examine materials after dusting off a coating of dust. Dust covers up the true nature of most of the surfaces on the mars. So can we say that Life of Mars is going to be dust full?
Life on Mars could be so different than life on earth if we overcome few challenges their will be a pest free , dust free and radiations free life which leads to give rise to healthy colony and enhance the future on mars.